peloponnesian war essay thesis statement
Essay on The Peloponnesian War 1324 Words | 6 Pages. Spartans historically had always been the political, social and economic RIVALS /adversary of Athens, opposing their democratic and economic goals. Beginning after their domination of the Persian war, the two states slowly became aware of one another’s growing power. Nonetheless, the works of an Athenian historian named Thucydides provides a lot of information on Peloponnesian war. The Spartans were politically apprehensive that Athenian culture prospered, for, The Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. Once back in command Lysander directed the Spartan fleet towards Hellespont, the Athenian fleet of 160 ships followed him and took up a position at Aegospotami, Lysander commanded the mariners and pilots to go on board and sit in silence, they did this for four days. In the process of assaulting Syracuse, Lamachus was killed leaving Nicias a lone leader. The war continued as each side tried to outdo the other and each attack led to disasters after another. Lysander was appointed Spartan navarch for the Aegean Sea in 407 and undertook the major project of creating a strong Spartan fleet which could take on the Athenians and their allies. The next 11 years basically made up this war. New York, NY: Thomas Dunne Books, 2006. We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. The success victory to seize Plataea made the Spartans think they were winning the war, and a wrap up they invaded Attica again. Unfortunately their fleets were completely destroyed due to a surprise attack which then left them very hopeless and consequently they surrendered to the Spartans who broke the walls of their cities and barred them from possessing a navy. The Peace of Nicias began in 421 and didn’t really last long, it only lasted 6 years. During this time the Athenian religious statute was destroyed by an anonymous figure but the charges were placed upon Alcibiades who demanded trial immediately so that he could defend himself. These two countries had made a peace treaty which had lasted for thirty years at that time. Back home the Athenian assembly had heard of the devastating news and they sent him more men for reinforcement (McKay et al. He advocates that the causes of this war should be viewed as a complex string of related factors such as conflict between democracy and oligarchy. To learn more about the Peloponnesian War, a little bit of a background on these two leading city-states. Lysander collected 70 triremes and took them to Ephesus; Lysander pitched camp there and ordered for merchant, Lysander undermined his successor callicratidas position hence given complete control over Greek cities and the right to collect tributes from Cyrus to fund the increase of the soldiers. (345), 4.8 The first period lasted around 10 years. Retrieved from, Type: But they changed their minds the next day and killed only the leaders of the revolt. The conflict started in early 440 B.C. Thucydides survive an attacked on the plague left an impressive amount of its impact on the Athenian confidence. McKay et al. As a result of this Alcibiades exiled himself from Athens because he was not re-elected as the general of the Athenians. This is where the stage was getting set for Cleons rival Nicials for it to persuade the Athenians to accept the Spartans offer of peace. Essay, 3 pages. January 11, 2020. Jun. This began with the Spartans which were under the rule of Archidamus II which was then leading an army into Attica which is the region around Athens. Essay, 12 pages. The general of the Spartan army during this period was Brasidas while the general of the Athenian army was Cleon. Its two conflicting forces were the Peloponnesian League, which was headed by the city-state Sparta, and the Delian League, which was headed city-state of Athens. Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student. This move disrupted the sliver mines that were nearby and thus forced the supplies to be taken by sea at an increased cost. ... Excerpt from Essay : Athens lost the Peloponnesian War for two main reasons. How the Athenians and Spartans Fought the Peloponnesian War. No state was particularly to blame for the strain on their peace treaty, nor for the war, it came as the two states developed. Having trouble finding the perfect essay? Because of the Pericicles (the most influential leader) Athens refused to back down. The fighting took over the entire Greek world and it was judge by Thucydides, this was the war was considered to be among the world’s finest work of history and the most significant was up to that time. Corcyra (the city-state) was backed by Athens, while Epidamnos (the colony) was backed, THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR After Corinth faced defeated from Corcyra which happened to be one of their colony, they started building naval power but the Corcyra formed an ally with the Athens so as to gain defense against any farther attack from the Corinth. 6). The Peloponnesian war is still widely studied in the history of Western Civilization. During the first year, the strategies of the two sides seemed to be working since they proceed according to plan. They highly wished to fight the land war which they were good at to the disadvantage of the Athenians who anchored on the powerful navy they had. Lacedaemonians quotes that Lysander wrote to the ephors: Athens is taken” and, Voting Based Neural Network: Extreme Learning Machine Essay. 662). At the outbreak of the war the Spartans attacked Attica and burned all their crops with an aim to starve the Athenians forcing many of the citizens in Attica to leave their farms and seek refuge inside the long walls that joined Athens and its port known Piraeus. The Peloponnesian war (431–404 BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens against the Peloponnesian led by Sparta. The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and Sparta, theses were two leading-city states in ancient Greece. This name was given because really it was a long series of conflicts between both Athens and Sparta that eventually ended with a surrender of the Athens in 404 BC. Athens continued to grow in power, and was beginning to pose a threat to Sparta and the Peloponnesian League. The harsh situation forced them to look for a chance to make peace agreements. The main catalyst of the war was intense conflict that had dominated Athens and Sparta. In a battle at Amphipolis in 422 both Brasidas and Athenian leader Cleon were dead. Home — Essay Samples — History — The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and Sparta. 11 January. He adds that Thucydides could have accounted Pericles imperial ambition as another reason the colonies went to war. Tutor Really the years of fighting between the Athens and Sparta can be divided into two periods separated by a truce of six years. Classical democracy which was also called Athenian democracy was the democratic system that greatly developed in the Ancient Greek city state Athens and it’s surrounding such the Attica. We’ve got you covered. Historians classify the war into three parts namely the Archidamian war (431-421 BC), the peace of Nicias and the Sicilian Expedition (420-413 BC) and the Ionian war (412-404 BC). The war was being continued at sea with the Sparta and Athenians fleets trading costly victories. During the last phase of the war, the Spartans received reinforcement from the Persians who offered assistance in form of money and ship. Thucydides famously claims that the war started “because the Spartans were afraid of further growth of Athenian power, seeing as they did have the greater part of Hellas was under the control of Athens”. Date Bagnall, Nigel. Name When he was being taken back to Athens for charges, he managed to escape in the sea and later joined the Spartans side where he gave them all the secrets of the expeditions (Bagnall 148). Thucydides used the events of the 50-year period before the war to arrive at his ideology of what would have sparked the war (Encyclopedia Britannica (b) par. 18). Athens had survived the Archidamian war and this did not settle well with Spartans who always viewed themselves as superpower. This war was between Athens and Sparta that resulted in the transfer of domination in Greece from Athens to Sparta. The following year (404) starved by the. The Spartans were politically apprehensive that Athenian culture prospered, for, The Peloponnesian War To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below: Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. Thucydides and the Peloponnesian War. The Peloponnesian War was fueled by an intense rivalry between the two city states, Sparta and Athens, and was comprised of two smaller wars and one isolated expedition of expansion to Sicily.


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