the rise and fall of ghana empire pdf
As in one the previous posts on the Cultural Mosaic, Ghana was rich in gold and power. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your account. The precise foundation of the Ghana Empire, or the Kingdom of Ghana as it is sometimes referred to, is not known. Although many territories were taken over, and tribute taxes were enforced, Ghana recovered and forced the invaders to withdraw and get out. The capital was much larger than previously thought - the medieval Arab descriptions of a population of 40-50,000 now looking conservative after recent excavations, which show the city spread over an area of 110 acres (45 hectares) with many other smaller settlements immediately surrounding it. Goods were often taxed twice, once when they came into the country and again when they left it. However, the Sosso would be a short-lived kingdom as their king Sumanguru (aka Sumaoro Kante, r. from c. 1200 CE) was defeated by Sundiata Keita in 1235 CE. The Ghana Empire flourished in West Africa from at least the 6th to 13th century CE. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. One town was Muslim and boasted 12 mosques while the other, just 10 km away and joined by many intermediate buildings, was the royal residence with many traditional cult shrines and one mosque for visiting merchants. Similarly, gold was probably locally mined or panned and then traded along the numerous waterways of the region, but concrete evidence from this early period is lacking. It is perhaps significant that blacksmiths and forgers have long enjoyed an elevated status in the Sudan region. Their efforts were at first weak and insignificant, but eventually, in the mid-11th century, a Muslim group known as the Almoravids launched a devastating invasion on the capital city of Koumbi Saleh. Since the gold mining began to decline, trade declined as well and Ghana was finished off when other empires took over. These rivers and the Sahara desert to the north formed a natural triangle of flat grasslands that the Ghana Empire would occupy (today’s southern portions of Mauritania and Mali). Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Cite This Work Other surrounding cities and small empires competed with Ghana in gold trade, but eventually, the competitors caught up. A little less than 200 years later, however, Ghana was not so lucky. Indeed, in the Ghana Empire, there is no evidence that kings themselves converted to Islam.


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